Within the first month after birth, short gestation and low birth weight are together the leading cause of neonatal mortality (at a rate of 0.95 deaths per 1,000 live births), followed by congenital malformations (0.87 deaths per 1,000 live births) and maternal complications (0.37 deaths per 1,000 live births).
Why does the United States have the highest infant mortality rate?
Research indicates that socioeconomic inequality in the United States is likely a primary contributor to its higher infant mortality rate. Maternal risk factors for infant mortality include maternal obesity (BMI>35) and use of alcohol or tobacco during pregnancy.
Why does the US have a higher infant mortality rate than other countries?
There are numerous theories as to why the IMR is higher in the U.S. than in other countries. There may be reporting differences for infants born near the threshold of viability, with the U.S. more likely to count them as live births while other countries are more likely to count them as miscarriages or stillbirths.
Why was infant mortality so high?
Environmental and social barriers prevent access to basic medical resources and thus contribute to an increasing infant mortality rate; 99% of infant deaths occur in developing countries, and 86% of these deaths are due to infections, premature births, complications during delivery, and perinatal asphyxia and birth …
What are the three leading causes of infant mortality?
Causes of Infant Mortality
- Birth defects.
- Preterm birth and low birth weight.
- Injuries (e.g., suffocation).
- Sudden infant death syndrome.
- Maternal pregnancy complications.
What is the US ranked in infant mortality?
And with respect to infant mortality, the U.S. ranks 33 out of 36 Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) nations. In 2018, while infant mortality reached an all-time low in the U.S., at 5.9 infant deaths per 1,000 live births, still more than 21,000 infants died.
What is the main cause of high infant mortality rate class 10?
The leading cause of infant mortality is birth defects. Other leading causes also include congenital malformations, pneumonia, asphyxia etc. Poor water quality and sanitation malnourishment of the Infant and inadequate Medical and prenatal care are also some of the main causes of infant mortality.
Does the US have the highest infant mortality rate in the developed world?
According to this year’s America’s Health Ranking Annual Report, the U.S. infant mortality rate is 5.9 deaths per 1,000 live infant births, while the average rate of infant mortality among the OECD countries is 3.9 deaths per 1,000 live births. Compared with other OECD countries, the U.S. ranks No.
Why is SIDS low in Japan?
According to Evolutionary Parenting, Japan has significant lower rates of maternal smoking and alcohol consumption — and research has shown that maternal smoking has a direct relation to SIDS. … Sleeping habits could also contribute to why Asian babies are least likely to die of SIDS.
What is the #1 killer of babies?
Accidents (unintentional injuries) are, by far, the leading cause of death among children and teens.
What is the #1 killer of infants?
Infant deaths by cause of death: United States, 2018
Comp. Some of the leading causes of infant death in the United States include the following: birth defects; prematurity/low birthweight; sudden infant death syndrome; maternal complications of pregnancy and respiratory distress syndrome.
What country has the highest infant mortality rate?
Infant mortality rate
|Rank||Country||deaths/1,000 live births|
|3||Central African Republic||84.22|