Quick Answer: What causes vitiligo in infants?

The cause of vitiligo in children is unknown, though it is known to be an autoimmune disease. An autoimmune disease occurs when the body produces antibodies that attack its own tissues.

How do you get vitiligo in babies?

The first signs of vitiligo in kids are white patches on the skin that are commonly found on the hands, feet, arms, face, and lips. Sometimes, vitiligo in babies also results in whitening of hair. In some children, vitiligo patches don’t spread whereas in some children, it spreads rapidly all over the body.

How do you prevent vitiligo in babies?

Here are ways to help if your child has vitiligo:

  1. Sunscreen. One of the most important things your child can do is wear sunscreen every day to protect against skin cancer. …
  2. Cosmetics. …
  3. Corticosteroid creams. …
  4. Photochemotherapy with ultraviolet A (also known as PUVA). …
  5. Narrow-band ultraviolet B (UVB) therapy.

Can vitiligo be present at birth?

Vitiligo is a benign disorder of skin pigmentation with a clinical presentation of white macules or patches [1]. It affects approximately 1% of the world’s population with most cases appearing in the second and third decades of life. Congenital vitiligo is rare with few reported cases.

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What causes white patches on baby skin?

Milia occur when dead skin cells get trapped under the skin and form cysts. Neonatal milia are found in about half of all infants. They often appear on or around the nose. They are sometimes confused with “baby acne,” which is not the same thing.

How do I know if my baby has vitiligo?

White patches are the main vitiligo symptoms. Patches are commonly found on the hands, feet, arms, face and lips, and children with vitiligo may also notice white hair. In some children, vitiligo patches don’t spread, and in others they do. It is not usually a life-threatening condition.

At what age vitiligo starts?

Vitiligo can start at any age, but usually appears before age 30. Depending on the type of vitiligo you have, it may affect: Nearly all skin surfaces. With this type, called universal vitiligo, the discoloration affects nearly all skin surfaces.

How can I reduce melanin in my baby’s skin?

You can also use topical creams or ointments to lighten skin. These products decrease existing melanin in the areas in which they’re used.

Topical creams or ointments

  1. hydroquinone.
  2. kojic acid.
  3. vitamin C.
  4. glycolic acid.
  5. azelaic acid.
  6. retinoid.

Can a 2 year old have vitiligo?

Vitiligo commonly presents in children, with half of all cases developing before 20 years of age. Although studies have characterized differences between pediatric and adult vitiligo, little is known about vitiligo presenting in early childhood.

Can a child develop vitiligo?

Vitiligo affects children of all races equally. However, patches of lighter skin, called macules, tend to be more conspicuous in children who have darker skin.

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What can be mistaken for vitiligo?

Pityriasis versicolor or vitiligo? Pityriasis versicolor can sometimes be confused with vitiligo, as they both cause the skin to become discoloured in patches.

What are the chances of my child having vitiligo?

On average 1 in every 100 people have vitiligo. Your chances increase to 1 in 20 if a parent or sibling has it. If we go by these statistics, then there is a 5% chance you will transfer vitiligo to your kids.

How do you treat vitiligo in a month?

There is no cure for vitiligo. The goal of medical treatment is to create a uniform skin tone by either restoring color (repigmentation) or eliminating the remaining color (depigmentation). Common treatments include camouflage therapy, repigmentation therapy, light therapy and surgery.